last posts

The Issue of Declining Populations in Some Developed Countries

The Issue of Declining Populations in Some Developed Countries

Reports from The New York Times indicate that the world is facing a significant demographic shift due to the growing problem of declining populations in certain developed countries.

The Issue of Declining Populations in Some Developed Countries

Are we heading towards aging societies? According to estimates, it is projected that individuals aged 65 and above will comprise approximately 40% of the population in certain regions in East Asia and Europe by 2050.

Since 2013, Japan has been grappling with this major demographic transformation, with a quarter of its population surpassing the age of sixty, making it the most aged country ever.

Several countries are expected to face a similar fate to Japan, with a skyrocketing proportion of elderly citizens. These countries include South Korea, the United Kingdom, Eastern Europe, and China.

Estimations from the United Nations Population division suggest that South Korea and Italy could witness a decline of 13 million and 10 million people in their working-age populations, respectively, by 2050.

This global population shift introduces new challenges for different nations and necessitates diverse strategies to confront the implications of this significant age transformation.

China is experiencing a decline in its working-age population, with this figure estimated to be around 200 million people. This decline is anticipated to persist and could potentially reach an additional 200 million, surpassing declines observed in most other countries. Multiple Asian countries have witnessed a rapid increase in median age, with eastern and southeast Asian nations requiring only 20 years to undergo a structural change in population, according to a World Bank report.

Conversely, slightly higher fertility rates and immigration may contribute to the United States and Australia having younger populations compared to other affluent countries by 2050.

Fertility rates in Arab countries vary and are influenced by economic, social, and cultural factors. Government policies and awareness initiatives can impact fertility rates in these nations.

Year 2050.

Fertility Rates in Arab Countries

In light of these changes, there are opportunities for developing countries to benefit from shifts in the population structure, after advanced economic powers have taken advantage of the youth bulge for decades.

Additionally, experts suggest that migration will play a significant role in meeting labor needs in Northern countries in the near future.

Host countries for migrants are expected to avoid population aging challenges, such as Canada and Australia.

It's worth mentioning that fertility rates in Arab countries like Tunisia, Lebanon, and Morocco are declining, which raises concerns about future issues these countries may face. Lastly, increasing the retirement age is seen as a temporary and insufficient solution in the long run.


Font Size
lines height